Italy's new far-right administration is clearly failing to adhere to international law and is deliberately prompting conflict within the EU to try and undermine the bloc, which it's ideologically opposed to. France is right; Meloni's officials are ignoring an unequivocal legal and moral obligation.
Macron cannot fix this migrant crisis, the routes of which are causally intertwined with failings throughout the EU bloc and its immigration system. Despite the passive siding of many EU nations with the NGO vessels, France is just as guilty of trying to pass illegal migrants onto other nations. This issue will only be solved when the EU collectively admits its concerns over border security and seeks reform.
There's a 50% chance that at least 1.78K migrants will die or go missing in the Mediterranean in 2022, according to the Metaculus prediction community.