Cuba: G77 Summit Calls for New Global Order

    Cuba: G77 Summit Calls for New Global Order
    Last updated Sep 18, 2023
    Image credit: Wikimedia Commons


    • On Saturday, the two-day Group of 77 and China (G77+China) summit concluded in Havana, Cuba, calling for countries of the Global South to have a more significant say in the global governance system.
    • At the Summit, attended by more than 100 countries, the bloc denounced the current and allegedly "unfair international economic order for developing countries" in a final statement released by Cuba's foreign ministry.
    • Cuban Pres. Miguel Diaz-Canel, who currently chairs the bloc, stated that after the era in which the countries of the North "organized the world according to its interests, it is now up to the South to change the rules of the game."
    • Previously, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, who opened the Summit, welcomed efforts to support the international status of the Global South and called for greater international equality as a basis to tackle climate change and global wealth disparity.
    • Created in 1964, G77 is the largest multilateral coordination organization among developing countries, with over 130 members accounting for more than 80% of the world's population. While not a member, China participates under the "G77 and China" framework.
    • The Havana Summit comes after the African Union was invited to join the G20 group of the world's leading industrialized nations last week, while the BRICS group of emerging economies was expanded to include six new members in August.


    Establishment-critical narrative

    The G77 Summit is the most recent reflection of the global balance of power shifting in favor of the countries of the Global South. While South-South cooperation is increasing both quantitatively and qualitatively, the West is steadily losing its global influence. The greatest challenge to a more equitable world order is the US' unilateral efforts to defend its hegemonic position and prevent a multipolar world. However, formats such as the G77 and BRICS show that these efforts can't succeed.

    Pro-establishment narrative

    While China emphasizes that it's primarily concerned with a fairer global order and a greater say in the Global South within world affairs, it's clear Beijing uses forums such as the G77 to expand its influence in countries in the backyard of the US. The G77 is another building block to strengthen China's position in the struggle with Washington for future global leadership. However, it remains to be seen whether the bloc has more in common than mere criticism of the collective West's economic and political dominance.

    Nerd narrative

    There's a 20% chance of war between the US and China before 2035, according to the Metaculus prediction community.

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