UN: Unemployment Driving Armed Groups in Sub-Saharan Africa

Image copyright: AFP [via Al Jazeera]

The Facts

  • A report published by the UN Development Programme (UNDP) on Tuesday found that unemployment is the main force driving people to join armed groups in sub-Saharan Africa, which has become a global epicenter of violent extremism.

  • The study was based on interviews with over 2K people in eight countries, including more than 1K former fighters that are currently detained. A quarter of voluntary recruits cited needing money as their primary reason for joining, while less than one-fifth cited religious ideology.


The Spin

Establishment-critical narrative

Throughout decades of military intervention in sub-Saharan Africa, the Sahel, and the Horn, the world has seen that combat solutions don't work. As nations like the US continue to drop bombs — which have killed countless civilians — local recruitment only increases. The West has known this fact since long before 9/11 and the "War on Terror," but, hopefully, this report will finally help bring military intervention to an end and replace it with more humane economic and political programs.

Pro-establishment narrative

To claim that the US and its Western allies only go to Africa for military exploits is preposterous. The US military provides food aid and disaster relief and supports democracy throughout the continent. Counter-terrorism is a broad term that, when looked at closely, includes all of the non-combat aspects that those opposed to military intervention talk about.


Establishment split

CRITICAL

PRO

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