Germany’s Olaf Scholz Meets China’s Xi Jinping

    Germany’s Olaf Scholz Meets China’s Xi Jinping
    Updated Nov 04, 2022
    Image credit: Al Jazeera


    • Leading a high-level business delegation to China, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz met with Chinese Pres. Xi Jinping on Friday, marking the first visit by the leader of a G7 nation to China since the start of COVID in 2019.[1]
    • This visit to its main trading partner comes as Berlin faces challenges at home, with a deep recession looming and the need to bolster its export markets as its ties with Russia deteriorate amid the Ukraine war.[2]
    • At the top of the agenda for the meeting was boosting bilateral economic relations. However, Scholz's desire to strike deals with Beijing has drawn domestic and international criticism as tensions mount between the PRC and the West on issues including Taiwan and human rights.[3]
    • Regarding the Ukraine war, Xi and Scholz expressed their mutual opposition to "the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons," with the latter reportedly urging the Chinese leader to use his influence on Russia to bring an end to "the invasion of Ukraine."[4]
    • Talks also touched on climate change, COVID vaccines, and reciprocal market access amid German claims that China "seals off many sectors." In addition, Scholz stated that any change in the status quo of Taiwan "must be peaceful or by mutual consent."[5]
    • Though Scholz vowed a values-led foreign policy and a new approach to China, many in Germany are weary, in part due to a controversial agreement to sell a stake in the port of Hamburg to a Chinese company.[6]


    Anti-China narrative

    Scholz's visit to Beijing comes as a bit of a shock across the continent. There is broad consensus among the political leadership of Europe about the need to rethink ties with China, and Scholz appears to be out of step. This isn't only a concern across Europe, but also in Washington. With Chinese aggression on the rise, now is the time for the West to present a united front.

    Pro-China narrative

    Scholz's visit to Beijing is much appreciated and needed, especially against the backdrop of significant turbulence and strife around the world. It's good that the leaders of two major powers can have a face-to-face meeting about bilateral relations and future economic cooperation and exchange views on heated topics. It sends a much-needed signal of stability to the international community.

    Cynical narrative

    This is an economic move. Having lost two pillars of Germany's economic success story — cheap Russian energy and low-security spending — Scholz has no choice but to guarantee that its third pillar — good business relations with China — remains. The chancellor's visit to Beijing is paramount to German industry, which is about to start an investment boom in China, moving production there from Germany.

    Nerd narrative

    There's a 50% chance that Germany will elect a new Chancellor by October 2026, according to the Metaculus prediction community.

    Articles on this story