Though some protests might be instrumentalized for political purposes related to backroom dealings and political elites clashes, they express Mongolians' overall frustrations with their government. This is the second time this year that Mongolians have protested against the government in significant numbers; these demonstrations are clearly based on more than just political conspiracies. More must be done to address the people's concerns.
The Mongolian government is doing all it can and has already ordered state-owned Erdenes Tavan Tolgoi to work openly and cooperate with the customs and tax authorities to make coal exports transparent while investigations into alleged illegal actions are underway. It is important to stress, though, that it would be impossible to illegally export millions of tons of coal without control.